vCloud Director uses a java keystore to read its SSL certificates from. This makes it a bit more complicated to use an existing certificate and private key set. Took me a while to figure out, so I’m sharing.

In this example I created /opt/vmware/keystore for the certificate files. The ssl-key.pem and ssl-cert.pem are the existing certificate files. Furthermore, I used ‘passed’ as the keystore and alias password. (needed for the vCD configuration)

Firstly, we need to convert the key and certificate to a DER format:

[ keystore]# export PATH=$PATH:/opt/vmware/vcloud-director/jre/bin
[ keystore]# openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -nocrypt -in ssl-key.pem -inform PEM -out 
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I’ve had my share of battles with corrupt vmdk files, after the process of removing a snapshot crashed. Finally, I found a way to recover them through a VCB utility. Here’s the log that usually presents itself:

May 12 01:43:13.593: vmx| DISKLIB-DSCPTR: Failed to open extents for descriptor file in normal mode
May 12 01:43:13.593: vmx| DISKLIB-LINK : “/vmfs/volumes/49dc603e-af139aaa-7131-002219b6f201/VM1/VM1.vmdk” : failed to open (Device or resource busy).
May 12 01:43:13.593: vmx| DISKLIB-CHAIN : “/vmfs/volumes/49dc603e-af139aaa-7131-002219b6f201/VM1/VM1.vmdk” : failed to open (Device or resource busy).
May 12 01:43:13.594: vmx| DISKLIB-LIB : Failed to open ‘/vmfs/volumes/49dc603e-af139aaa-7131-002219b6f201/VM1/VM1.vmdk’ with flags 0xa (Device or resource busy).

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